Some Questions are Off Limits

Whether on a written employment application or in person, it’s unlawful to ask about an applicant’s age, sexual orientation, marital status, religious affiliation or race. Additionally, questions related to a physical, emotional or mental handicap can only be asked if an applicant will need special accommodations for performing a specific job. The US Department of Labor and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission explains these rules in more detail.


Give Potential Hires a Fair Chance

Businesses located or doing business in the City, that have 20 or more employees (regardless of the employees’ locations), cannot discriminate against potential hires who may have a criminal record. Learn more about the Fair Chance Ordinance from the SF Office of Labor Standards Enforcement.


Set Up Employee Benefits

If your business has established employee benefit programs such as health insurance or a 401(k) plan, you’ll need a sign-up procedure so employees can enroll, name their dependents, and select options.


Provide Mandatory San Francisco Benefits

Minimum Wage

The San Francisco minimum wage is higher than most cities to reflect the cost of living in the city. The current minimum wage is updated every year.

Paid Sick Leave

All employers must provide paid sick leave to each employee (including temporary and part-time employees) who performs work in San Francisco. Learn more about the Paid Sick Leave Ordinance from the SF Office of Labor Standards Enforcement and the Healthy Workplace Healthy Family Act from the CA Department of Industrial Regulations.

Flexible Work Arrangements

Employees with families in San Francisco have the right to request a flexible work arrangement (though employers also have the right to refuse for legitimate business reasons). Learn more about the Family Friendly Workplace Ordinance from the SF Office of Labor Standards Enforcement.

Healthcare Security Spending

In San Francisco, you must pay toward health care coverage for all your employees. The size of this payment depends on the size of your business, where a small business has 19 employees or less, a medium business has 20–99 employees, and a large business has over one hundred employees. Learn more about the Health Care Security Ordinance from the SF Office of Labor Standards Enforcement.

Commuter Benefits

Businesses located or doing business in the City that have 20 or more employees must provide commuter benefits to encourage their employees to take public transit, bike, or rideshare to work. Learn more about the Commuter Benefits Ordinance from the SF Department of the Environment.


Classify Your Workers Correctly

Understanding the labor laws for different types of workers – employees, independent contractors, and volunteers – can be confusing. Sometimes employers improperly classify employees as  independent contractors which have different rules on payroll taxes, minimum wage, overtime, and other labor laws. Make sure you understand the difference.


Provide Workers’ Compensation Insurance

If you have employees, you must have workers’ comp insurance to protect workers who might suffer on-the-job injuries. California employers are required by law to have workers’ compensation insurance, even if they only have one employee. And, if your employees get hurt or sick because of work, you are required to pay for workers’ compensation benefits. Workers’ comp insurance provides six basic benefits: medical care, temporary disability benefits, permanent disability benefits, supplemental job displacement benefits or vocational rehabilitation and death benefits. 

You may obtain workers’ compensation insurance in California in the following ways:

  • Through a broker
  • Directly with an insurance carrier 

If you currently do not have a broker or insurance carrier and would like to search for a list of carriers, you can learn more from the CA Department of Industrial Relations

Note
If you are a roofer and don’t have any employees, you are still required to carry workers’ compensation insurance


Deduct Temporary Disability Insurance

Employers are required by law to withhold and remit State Disability Insurance (SDI) contributions and to inform their employees of SDI benefits. To inform employees, you must provide the publications listed below. You can find these publications through the CA Employment Development Department


Register with Your State Labor Department

Once you bring on employees, you must pay California unemployment insurance taxes. First, register with the CA Department of Industrial Relations. Later, at tax time, your payments will go to the state’s unemployment compensation fund, which provides short-term relief to workers who lose their jobs. 

Unemployment Insurance (UI) is paid by every employer in California. Tax-rated employers pay a percentage on the first $7,000 in wages paid to each employee in a calendar year. The UI rate schedule and amount of taxable wages are determined annually. 


Adopt Workplace Safety Measures

Virtually every employer must comply with the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) by, among other things, providing a workplace free of hazards, training employees to do their jobs safely, notifying government administrators about serious workplace accidents, and keeping detailed safety records.


Post Required Notices

Employers are required to display certain posters in the workplace that inform employees of their rights and employer responsibilities under labor laws. California employers must post all state and federal required posters, but San Francisco has some additional notices that must be displayed. 

City Required Posters

State and Federal Required Posters

The California Department of Industrial Relations maintains an updated list of the following posters, which are required for all employers. The list also includes notices that only apply to specific business types and sizes.

  • Payday notice
  • Safety and health protection on the job
  • Emergency phone numbers
  • Paid sick leave
  • Notice to employees – injuries caused by work
  • Notice to employeesworkers’ compensation carrier and coverage
  • Whistleblower protections
  • No smoking signage
  • Discrimination and Harassment in Employment*
  • Notice to employeesunemployment insurance benefits*
  • Notice to employeestime off to vote*
  • Equal employment opportunity*
  • Notice to employeesEmployee Polygraph Protection Act*

Posters required by the US Department of Labor (DOL) and other federal agencies can also be found using the DOL FirstStep Poster Advisor search tool.

Last modified date: Thu, 01/19/2017 - 10:43